|33%||Basic biology research|
|31%||Research and Development in human medicine, veterinary medicine and dentistry|
|15%||Production and product control for human medicine, veterinary medicine and dentistry.|
|8%||Toxicological and other safety evaluations|
|2%||Diagnosis of diseases|
|1,6%||Education and training|
Other (virology, immunology for production of monoclonal or polyclonal antibodies, physiology of maternal-fetal interaction in the transgenic mouse genes, cancer treatment, pharmaceutical R & D, combined drug trials , genetics, etc.)
Most of Laboratory animals are not really considered by the general public. Mice (53%) and rats (19%) are not only called pests in our society but they also stir up a certain repulsion.
This greatly helps vivisectors who can use them to make all kinds of experiments without shocking the general public. That's why we only hear about research done on these particular small animals. Do you think they would show a cat with implants in the brain on the 9 o'clock news?
In the United States, rodents are not even counted within the official figures on laboratory animals.1
A life is a life, even if the creature is small it can suffer. Yet, rodents are used as laboratory material and then thrown away. There is no need to like rodents to feel empathy towards them.
Because of their small size, vivisectors find these rodents easy to manipulate and they require little space. Also, they reproduce very quickly so several generations get tested on.
Guinea pigs, attract a little more sympathy from the public as they are also pets. They represent 2,1 % of laboratory animals.
Another very frequently used animal : the rabbit.
Recently, the rabbit was still used to test the corrosivity of chemicals on the skin. Those tests are now forbidden within the European Union, thanks to the validation of an in-vitro replacement method, using human cells. This method, Episkin, is much more efficient and profitable –probably the main reason for l’Oréal developing the method.
Rabbits are also used to test pharmaceutics/drugs and to study human diseases and among them cardiovascular diseases and disorders of the nervous system. All this without usable results for humans.
The Draize test
The head trapped in a straitjacket, the eyes of rabbits receiving drops or sprays of chemical ingredients used in the manufacture of lipsticks and shampoos. Even worse, sometimes its eyes are kept open using metal clamps continuously. For several days, the progression of ocular lesions is observed: irritation of the cornea, eye perforation, itching and burns.
A quarter of the dogs and cats come from countries outside the European Union 3(some dogs even come from the U.S.).
The Beagle is a breed of dog commonly used in laboratory research because of its gentle and docile temperament.
It is used for research on the causes and consequences of heart diseases.
Researchers believe they can treat human heart disease - caused by a poor lifestyle - through stopping or damaging the blood vessels of the dog.
Dogs are also used in toxicology, to test the toxicity of chemicals and pharmaceuticals.
Cats are often used for basic research, usually to satisfy a scientific curiosity. Physiology, and especially the nervous system, is of great interest to researchers. Some practice invasive surgery on the brains of anesthetized cats, while others operate on their spinal cord.
There are also experiments on the visual system, once again on the brain and on the balance of cats causing damage to the inner ear.4
A lady once came up to one of our information stalls in Paris and told us that animal research was very important. She told us that she was a researcher studying human sleeping-disorders in... CATS! Even a kid knows that animals don't have the same sleeping cycles as humans. We asked her why she couldn't simply study human beings, at least she would get relevant information with clinical examinations and questionning. All she replied was: "Yes, but we would have to pay the humans." She turned away, not giving us the time to say that we were suggesting REAL PATIENTS!
Each year, about 12,000 primates are used in laboratories for animal testing in Europe. The most used are macaques (rhesus and cynomolgus), lemurs and marmosets.
Researchers and statisticians may well say that only 0.1% of the animals used in labs are primates, it still means that an average of three monkeys die every two days in each european country!
Their close relationship with us constantly raises ethical questions.
They are often used in toxicology testing of chemicals or medicines, research on infectious diseases (HIV), neurology and neurotoxicology in which they suffer excruciating and unnecessary operations on the brain (Alzheimer's, Parkinson's) as well as in basic research.
A PETA investigation recently revealed grotesque abuses to animals in laboratories at Columbia University, such as 5: